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What is Sprint Backlog in Scrum

by Uneeb Khan

Sprint backlog in Sprint Backlog in Sprint backlog is the part of Product Backlog that has been selected for the Sprint. It is a list of Product Backlog Items (PBIs) that the Team plans to build, test and integrate into product Increment during Sprint.

Who can execute the sprint backlog?

So one question everyone keeps asking is who can execute the work of the sprint backlog

Sprint backlog is a Sprintburn starts when Sprint planning ends and Sprint burn-down chart Sprint Backlog Task Tracker is added in Sprint Backlog. who creates the sprint backlog Sprint Backlog is created only Sprint Planning, by Product Owner together with the Scrum team. Sprint Backlog updates happen during Daily Standup Meetings, Sprint demo Meeting and written communication with stakeholders. When do we review sprint backlog Sprint Backlist is reviewed during Sprint Review Meeting. Team size who can create the Sprint backlog A full time Scrum Team can usually create about 7-15 tasks for a single Sprint.

The Sprint Backlog is an agile plan with clear goals and deliverables/working software. The Sprint Backlog answers two questions: “What can be delivered in this sprint?” And “How will we get there?”. The Sprint backlog delivery should only contain items which are well understood, staffed by available people who can reasonably estimate their time requirements. Sprint backlog includes tasks needed to deliver working software, including both development work typically done by a dev team and also needed testing. Sprint backlog is dynamic, it can change frequently, at any time during Sprint . Sprint Backlog should be ready on day one of sprint , Sprint backlog contains all work that needs to be done in order for the Sprint goal to be achieved. Sprint goal is set by Product Owner based on business needs or newly discovered technology trends.

Sprint Backlog contains details about what tasks will be accomplished during the Sprint. The Sprint Backlog defines: “What” needs to be done and “How” it will be done and who will do it. There are three types of items in Sprint backlog: Items may change throughout Sprint, but changes must not create confusion or significantly undermine the activities and efforts of the Sprint Backlog.

The Sprint Backlog is an Agile term used to describe all tasks that need to be completed in order for a Sprint goal to be achieved. 

Sprint Backlog can contain three types of items:

1) Sprint Tasks or User Stories – tasks that must get done for Sprint goal achievement;

2) Bug Fixing Tasks – new/existing bugs that should be fixed during Sprint.

3) Technical tasks – creation, refactoring and other technical work required by the system. The purpose of the Sprint backlog is to enable team members and stakeholders to understand what needs to be done in upcoming Sprint, so planning effort is minimized through good understanding of how many work hours are needed. Additionally, sprint backlog allows the Sprint demo to provide transparency on Sprint progress. Sprint backlog items are written in story format, with acceptance criteria detailing what each item should do when it is completed. Sprint Backlog Items are estimated using Story Points or Ideal Days, which are subunits of person-hours. These units help figure out how complex a given task/story is and how much work time (in hours) is needed for its completion.

Sprint backlog usually grows throughout Sprint as new requirements emerge during Sprint execution; this requires continuous prioritization effort, which would ensure that high priority features will be implemented first.

The Sprint Backlog is owned by the Development Team and can be changed at any point by team members if needed (e.g., due to changing Sprint goals, emerging risks, etc.).

The Sprint Backlog is a forecast by the Development Team of what functionality will be in the Sprint, and it includes both work needed to meet the Sprint Goal and work that continues execution from the previous Sprint. The Sprint Backlog makes visible all of the work that the Development Team identifies as necessary to meet the Sprint Goal. This way, any dependencies between items are clearly identified so there are no misunderstandings about who will work on which item when during Sprint Planning.

In some cases in digital product management, it can include part or all of the Product backlog as well, especially if some requirements were identified after the Sprint started (remember: Sprint length is fixed). In such cases new features can be moved into the Sprint backlog during Sprint, but this decision must be made with the Sprint Product Owner – you don’t want to demoralize the team.

In Sprint backlog Sprint items are called User Stories and they consist of a description (“As a < type of user > I can < some feature > so that < some reason > “), Acceptance criteria (when the Sprint item is done) and ideally simple drawing showing what it looks like. In case when a Sprint item is too complicated for quick drawing it’s good to have a detailed description with sketches. Sometimes written documentation describing Sprint items may be helpful as well.

Even though Sprint Backlog consists only of product features ordered by importance/priority, often there is also a list of tasks necessary to implement those features. Those tasks should be in Sprint Backlog as well and they consist of: Task owner (who is going to do the task) and due date when it needs to be finished.

In the Sprint Planning meeting, Sprint Backlog items are discussed between Product Owner, Scrum Master and Team members considering who can do a Sprint item, if needed will be broken down into smaller tasks. In Sprint Review there’s a possibility for team members or users to suggest new Sprint backlog items which may also get included into Sprint next time.

Also read: Product backlog vs sprint backlog

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