Gwadar today located in Balochistan (a province of Pakistan) at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. and sits at the top of the Indian Ocean on an important sea trade route. The Hammerhead Shark Peninsula in the western part of Makran. The peninsula has two semi-circular but naturally curving semi-circular bays. Padi Gill (West Bay) and Deimi Gill (East Bay). The city of Gwadar today located 472 km west of Karachi. 80 km east of the Iranian border and approximately 320 km northeast of Ras Al Hadd in Oman. close to the Iranian ports of Chabahar and Bandar Abbas. Gwadar located at the crossroads of his three economically powerful regions. of the world: Middle East, Central Asia and South Asia.but Gwadar was not under the control of the Khan of Karat.
This geographical location provides a very important strategic location. In Baloch, Gwadar today means Gate of the Wind. The area of Makran around Gwadar today occupied by an unknown people. from the Bronze Age who settled in several oases. The region believed to have conquered by Cyrus the Great, the founder of the Persian Empire. According to historians, during the march to Alexander. the Great’s homeland in 325 BC, Admiral Neaks led a fleet along. the coast of what is now Macran. an area of dry. mountainous terrain inhabited by ichthyophagies, or fish-eaters. I recorded that I was there. Old Persian Mahihoran. It became the modern Macran
1. After the fall of Alexander’s empire. the region ruled by one of Alexander’s generals, Seleucus his Nicator. but abdicated to the Mauryan dynasty in 303 BC. In 644 AD, from Persia, a Muslim conquest army under. the command of Hakim ibn Amr al-Taghribi invaded and occupied. the Makran region of Balochistan. Hazrat Umar (God .pleased with him).
Easternmost frontier of Muslim rule
That for the time being Makran would be the easternmost frontier of Muslim rule. I ordered no further attempts to made. Extending Conquest 2. In 711 AD, Muslim forces led by Muhammad bin Qasim captured the city of Gwadar. In the following centuries. the region contested between various Iranian. and Indian-based powers. including the Mughals and the Safavids. Gwadar captured and plundered by Portuguese explorers in the late 16th century.
Centuries of local rule by various Baroque tribes followed. In 1783, Sultan bin Ahmed, Sultan of Muscat, fell out with his brother Saad bin Ahmed. And Sultan bin Ahmad contacted Khan of Karat and expressed interest in coming here. Nasir Khan I of the Ahmazai family of the Karat Brahhi group “granted”. the port of Gwadar today to Sultan bin Ahmed of the Bu Said tribe of Oman who had fled Muscat around 1784. Sultan bin Ahmed maintained this ownership. Even after he ascended the Muscat throne. One of the first steps Ahmed took was the appointment of Wali.
The area came to British attention. The British government, after extracting concessions from Said his Sultan. encouraged Gwadar to use his Muscat port to hold Gwadar. Major Goldsmith visited the area in 1861. and appointed Assistant Political Agent of Gwadar by the British Government in 1863. Both Pasni and Gwadar today were ports of call (ports used for loading. and unloading goods and passenger., or receiving supplies). for the steamships of the British Steam Navigation Company. The first ever telegraph link to the region established in his 1863. when Gwadar connected to Karachi.
Telegraph offices opened in Gwadar and Pasni. In 1947, after Pakistan’s independence. the districts with the exception of Gwadar. and surrounding areas, joined the Balochistan Federation as part of Makran Province. Sheikhs of Makran, Rasbela and Harran joined Pakistan. A few months later, the Khan of Karat also joined Pakistan. keeping in mind the aspirations of the Karat people. and the realities of the earth (Karat was inland). but Gwadar was not under the control of the Khan of Karat. bottom.
Gwadar’s accession to Pakistan.
The people of Gwadar started calling for Pakistan to join. In 1954, the Pakistani government conducted a geological survey of Gwadar. with the help of his USGS. USGS Surveyor Worth Kondrick described Gwadar. as the Hammerhead Peninsula and suitable for deep-sea harbors. Later, from a historical and geographical point of view. and in accordance with the aspirations of the Gwadar people. the Pakistani government formally requested. the Sultans of Oman and Muscat to allow Gwadar’s accession to Pakistan. On September 7, 1958, after four years of negotiations. Pakistan purchased the Gwadar enclave. from Muscat and the Sultanate of Oman for her $3 million.
Rights and privileges
Celebrations erupted in Gwadar, Balochistan, and the rest of Pakistan. It taken over by Pakistan with full sovereignty. The people of Gwadar joined the people of Pakistan. and all of Gwadar now forms part of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. People across Pakistan, including the inhabitants of Gwadar. I would like to welcome the people of Gwadar to the Republic of Pakistan. and ensure that they enjoy the same rights and privileges. as all citizens of Pakistan. regardless of religio, caste or creed. Gwadar today officially became part of Pakistan on December 8, 1958 after 174 years of Omani rule. Prime Minister Malik Feroz Khan Noon addressed the nation on Radio Pakistan on 7 September 1958. with the news of Gwadar’s accession to Pakistan.
Also read: Gwadar today